Alternative Sustainable Agriculture Methods

It’s time for nature, isn’t just a motto that calls for action for ecosystem and biodiversity protection on World Environment Day. It is a reminder that nature is on the verge of a breakdown if we don’t reverse biodiversity loss and contribute to the implementation and achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Restoring nature and biodiversity is essential for habitats and ecosystems and for turning the tide of climate change. Progress in achieving these goals can be made by identifying what is pushing nature and biodiversity to the brink and what can we change to stop further damage.
The answer is simple. Global unsustainable food systems and our consumption behavior have created a linear cycle that produces more and pollutes more.
Moreover, the way how our food is grown has been a major contributor to environmental degradation and biodiversity loss.

Agriculture and environmental degradation
Considering the pace of the world’s population growth over 50 percent more food will be needed to feed people in 2050. This has to be done without using more land for agriculture. Currently, about 50 percent of the world’s vegetated land is used for agriculture. At the same time, this would help to lower emissions by 67 percent in 2050 compared to emissions in 2010. To achieve all this, a combination of alternative agriculture methods, innovations, and education for sustainable development will be needed.
Such methods can address both food security issues and the side effects of agriculture on the environment. Experts highlight the importance of changing consumer behaviors and exploring methods that provide both resilience and persistence. This means that those systems should be able to buffer shocks and to last over a longer period of time.
Sustainable agriculture is not a modern concept. Such ideas date back to centuries ago, but somehow they were forgotten as farming technology started evolving.
The environmental impacts of modern agriculture include contamination of water, natural resources, and food by pesticides, groundwater and ozone depletion, loss of traditional agricultural breeds and landscape
On the other hand, the purpose of alternative farming techniques includes environment and natural resources protection, energy conservation, increased productivity, improved food quality and safety, create feasible socio-economic infrastructure for farms and farmers in rural communities.

Types of alternative agriculture methods

Organic agriculture/farming
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) defines organic agriculture as “a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. It emphasizes the use of management practices in preference to the use of off-farm inputs, taking into account that regional conditions require locally adapted systems. This is accomplished by using, where possible, agronomic, biological, and mechanical methods, as opposed to using synthetic materials, to fulfill any specific function within the system.”
This technique is based on the preservation of soil fertility and rejects the use of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers. According to FAO, organic agriculture is driven by three different factors
Consumer or market-driven organic agriculture
Service-driven organic agriculture
Farmer-driven organic agriculture

Crop rotation
This practice is among the oldest known used by farmers to enrich the soil naturally and minimize the presence of pests and weeds. Different crops are grown in specific times during the years to offer maximum yield while regenerating soil properties. Crops are divided into three different types based on their purpose. First, there are the crops for sale or personal consumption. The second type serves to improve and maintain soil fertility while the third type of crop does the same but with minimal maintenance. The last can be used as a grazing crop. One example could be Potato – legumes – brassicas – clover.

Integrated pest management
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an ecosystem approach to crop production and protection that combines different management strategies and practices to grow healthy crops and minimize the use of pesticides. 
IPM addresses ecosystem health-related issues as well as farmers’ concern over increased extents of pesticides to maintain pests under control. IPM is being mainstreamed in FAO activities involving crop production and protection and the IPM program comprises regional projects in Asia, Near East, and West Africa.

What are some sustainable agriculture practices still present in your region or community?
Do you think you can promote sustainable models and methods to meet food needs while preserving the environment?
Share your ideas and projects with the Entrepreneurship Campus Community or join the Citizen Entrepreneurship Competition.

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16 Comments

  1. I urges all campus members to meticulously study about integrated Pest Management because it is very sensational and educative.

    • YES YOU ARE RIGHT. We, People are the most influencial human being because of our ignorance and apathy, our environment are dying. We must change our perception regarding this issue. We need each other to redirect our step and recalibrate our mind. Because as a GLOBAL COMMUNITY our effort will have a great IMPART FOR OUR NATURE .
      HAPPY WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL DAY AHEAD OF US!
      LET US WORK AND REBUILD OUR ENVIRONMENT ALL TOGETHER!

  2. I am really inspired about the phrase, “That if it is possible, for us to achieve all the alternative toward sustainable agriculture still require key elements like innovation and education. Campus members, did we know that this is a clarion call for All of us in the platform?

  3. We can change the way we produce food in the field only with resources that do not harm nature. Maintaining native tree vegetation on the property contributes to the preservation of water springs, keeps pollinating insects.
    In regions with poultry farms, manure can be used in the formulation of fertilizers, I also see the use of green manure with legumes that can be used in certain crops.

  4. Sustainable Agriculture Alternative Method is a very sensational blog for us to learn. Practice and share at this platform.

  5. Did you know that sustainable agriculture is not a modern method? Research through the articles, thanks!

  6. When I was young (a child) with opaque ambitions, I thought I could lift up the entire world in solo. Today that I am taking age, I realize that I have been denied my right to contribute at my full capacity to the world’s advancement; at least I haven’t had the opportunity to reach my full potential due to – first the mismanagement of my native country and the war that resulted to that and wiped away all my chances to grow like any other citizen of the world, secondly the always existing cultural barriers of your second home-.
    Am I still useful for the world? Yes. Let me first quote the writer of this text: “Global unsustainable food systems and our consumption behavior have created a linear cycle that produces more and pollutes more”.
    If I would tell the same story in my native village, everybody will say that I’m mocking them, laughing them out because I am enjoying a succeeded life. They will add, you are in Europe, you have money, your project is in full swing, etc. Despite all that, in my opinion, we need more than that. We need to write a fairer narrative.
    My wish is that everybody on this platform and beyond follows my footsteps. Read my solution, support me with your feedback, advocate for SDGs 2, 6, and 15. If we build on that steady basis, we will save the human race habitat before it is too late.

  7. The above(chicken) comment is rich, but l want to urge all campus members to do something about our biodiversity.

  8. Unsustainable global food and negative consumption have suddenly created a linear cycle and ignite pollution.

    Did you know that all campus members 2020 must try to embrace the issue of (biodiversity)?

  9. Crop rotation is another area to learn from in the above article.

  10. Integrated Pest Management: l intuitively want all campus members to study and research on the above point in the above article now.

  11. There are severaly research works against the use of synthetics in contemporary world, however, how many of us believe and adhere to them. The case of the conservation of the biodiversity is another pandemic we all need to fight if we need to sustain our environment. we can start in our little corners and drop by drop an ocean will be found

  12. In Africa farmers use different methods of agriculture but all of those methods provide bad impact for the component of environment like biodiversity but as we are entrepreneur we have to learn haw we can use alternative sustainable agriculture methods which will help us to conserve our environment and to increase the productivity and we know that the reason why we have to protect and to conserve our environment there are different insect which help our plants in its reproduction . In this case , we are very responsible to use alternative sustainable agriculture methods

  13. inyang,
    The simplest way to promote biodiversity is to plant tree and avoid natural water pollution. Many animals live in nature. When a human being cuts a tree or cuts grass he forgets that he is destroying a habitat of certain species. What we do at Chicken 4 all Ltd, whenever we use a tree, we immediately plant a new one or two, where possible. Now we are acquiring a 10000l water tank storage to collect rain water and use it during the dry season. This is very important. This will prevent runoff that causes soil erosion and that takes away the nutrients our trees and plants need to grow. Runoff carries waste with it and discharges it into streams and rivers. This waste will pollute the habitat of multitude living things. Recovering this water from the roof is very important for us because we are thus helping to protect biodiversity, while avoiding natural resources waste.

  14. Considering the pace of the world’s population growth over 50 percent more food will be needed to feed people in 2050. This has to be done without using more land for agriculture. Currently, about 50 percent of the world’s vegetated land is used for agriculture. At the same time, this would help to lower emissions by 67 percent in 2050 compared to emissions in 2010. To achieve all this, a combination of alternative agriculture methods, innovations, and education for sustainable development will be needed.

  15. I totally agree with you Inyang. “Crop rotation is another area to learn from in the above article”.

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