AGRICULTURE CASSAVA FARMING AND PROCESSING AS A MEANS FOR FOOD SECURITY AND JOB CREATION
Explain your idea in details:
Objective: There are few things you could go without. But not food and drink. Without these, it would be plain impossible for humans to exist on earth. Now, take that into the context of Africa and its rising economies, and you will quickly understand how powerful, engaging and profitable the agricultural sector and related food industries in Africa are going to be. Africa has one of the world's largest populations and arable farmland. Cassava farming and processing is one of the most popular farming in Africa. The reason is simple; Cassava is an essential raw material for foods in our continent. Activities: Select a Good Site for Planting Your Cassava; Select the Best Cassava Variety(varieties with high dry matter and good food quality; tolerant to weeds, pests, and diseases; edible; that have a ground storage capacity without getting spoilt, damaged or decayed till the harvesting time); Select Healthy Cassava Stem Cuttings. Innovative approaches: Mechanized method increases production, some machines needed are; Cassava peeling machine, Cassava grater stainless metal, Hydraulic cassava presser, Cassava shifter/separator, Automatic Garri fryer or community Garri fryer with bricks and chimney, Cassava washing, Bag sealing machine. Cassava can be processed into food and items like Garri, Fufu, Starch, wheat flour or cassava flour, animal feeds, commercial caramel, etc. Cassava farming and processing as a means for food security and job creation no doubt should be encouraged in Nigeria, which is easy because cassava could be harvested after 918 month of planting. Aside from selling it in Nigeria, you can also export it to major African countries creating more value chain hence more jobs. Today, cassava farming and processing is giving so many people the grace to earn decent living, put food on the table with zero hunger. Agriculture and its related food-processing will be one best bet to end hunger-achieve-food-security-and-improved-nutrition-and-promote-sustainable-agriculture.
Expected impact of your idea on sustainable development
An estimated 12% of the world population go hungry with undernourishment. 26% children in the world approximately under 5 years old are stunted. The fundamental purpose of agriculture is not just to produce food and raw materials, but also to grow healthy, well-nourished people. Our tasks then is to provide food of sufficient quantity and quality to feed and nourish the worlds population sustainably so that all people can lead healthy, productive lives. About 1.2 billion people in Africa are experiencing extreme poverty. More than 75% of the extreme poverty in rural area rely on agriculture. Children are forced into labor market. However, in order to enhance economic growth, we will increase production with high-tech and modern facilities. Improvements in policies and the investment climate, increases in investments and aid inflows, and policy priorities need to change. The potential impacts of agricultural activities on health and nutrition extend across a number of channels. One area of impact is household ability to produce, purchase and consume more, better and cheaper food. Another important contribution of agriculture towards nutrition and health is increased rural income, allowing people to improve their diets. The poor are overwhelmingly located in rural areas and derive a significant share of their income from agricultural activities. Given the importance of agriculture for the livelihoods of the rural poor, agricultural growth has the potential to greatly reduce poverty a key contributor to poor health and under-nutrition. FAO pointed that producing food, generating income and supporting livelihoods is fundamental in the role of nutrition. My idea is: The productive use of human capital in the form of traditional and modern scientific knowledge and skills to innovate and use social capital through recognition of cultural identity, participatory methods and farmer networks to enhance solidarity yet been profitable.
Plans for implementation and sustainability
Given its various uses and high starch content, cassava can be transformed into many important products. Cassavas derivatives can be broadly grouped into four product types, namely: cassava chips, high quality cassava flour (HQCF), starch, and ethanol Cassava Chips are commonly used for production of animal feeds domestically. It is also in high demand in countries like China where it is used for the production of bio-ethanol. High-quality cassava flour (HQCF) is utilized sometimes alongside wheat flour for bread, biscuits, snacks and pasta. Starch is used extensively in the food and beverage industry, including in the manufacture of culinary cubes, powdered drink products, and others. Starch is also utilized in the pharmaceutical, textile, adhesives and paper/corrugated board industries. Ethanol is used largely in the spirit distilling industry. Nigeria now has the first ethanol production plant from cassava in Africa. Cassava demand for commercial and industrial utilization is on the rise and with the recent government reforms and initiative to diversify the economy, the demand for fresh cassava tubers will soar in the near future. Land lease of 10hectares, hiring of tractors, labor cost, fertilizers, herbicides, pesticide, transportation, weeding and maintenance etc. It is estimated that one hectare of land can be cultivated with approximately $1200, hence ten hectares would be $12,000 but we will need There are equipment that can produce between 1 ton 25 tonnes of Flour, Gari, Fufu, Chips per day. We intend to source for grants or loans from bank of Agriculture or Industry to set the processing plants but its always a difficult task since the bank will need collateral.
I hail from MEBIOWA, in Ohaozara town, a community in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. I was raised by parents who are civil servants/farmers; hence I have developed some experience in farm management. I currently reside in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja which is predominantly a civil services state, unemployment rate is high here, I have worked with various companies where I was able to develop leadership skills. I have a B.Sc. Food Science and Technology degree at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State. I am married with 2 kids, I am 35 years old.