Best Ideas 2018 features all the nominated entries submitted to the Youth Citizen Entrepreneurship Competition under ‘Submit your Idea’ category. All the entries consist of innovative solution or proposition for an enterprise that champions the Sustainable Development Goals. They can be on the conceptual, planning, or start-up stage. If you want to know the 10 finalists in this category, click HERE
Making biogas user-friendly for cooking as solution to Urban Waste
Explain your idea in details:
My main objective is to make Biogas user-friendly so that the biodegradable waste normally left to rot and produce GHGs is utilized to fulfill SDG Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy. Biogas is a mixture of about 55% methane and 45% CO2. Biogas burns like Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) making it an alternative to charcoal and firewood used for cooking. Biogas is generated from decomposition of biodegradable waste in the absence of oxygen. The process takes place in the "digester" which houses micro-organisms. Why Biogas? Waste handling is unsatisfactory and we need new solution for damping waste in "unregulated places". With Biogas, organic waste which comprises 70% will be recycled into a resource for cooking at their waste generation point (households, restaurants, shops and market places). It is estimated 200kg of organic waste can generate Biogas equal to a cylinder of LPG and 1 cubic metre of Biogas can generate 1.5 units of electricity. Therefore, people will take responsibility of waste they generate by "sorting" that's Goal 13: Climate Action. How do we make Biogas user-friendly? 1. Providing "assembly digester" (as substitute for fixed dome) for users to generate Biogas for cooking. Time is saved in construction and installation since there are no technical skills required in setting up assembly digesters. 2. "Pay as you go" payment method to solve demands for initial capital. Individuals funded 26%, government 2% and NGOs 72% of Biogas digesters surveyed in quality and usage of Biogas digesters in Uganda (Lutaaya, 2013). Pay as you go will enable most people afford and increase Biogas adoption. 3. Sensitising people about Biogas which has several uses. After getting methane for cooking, there is bioslurry a nutrient-rich organic fertilizer which has applications such as improving fodder leading to 50% milk production (SNV), benefit banana value-chain etc
Expected impact of your idea on sustainable development
My target is to raise $5,000 as capital for shipping assembly digesters with Biogas appliances. And serve 100 users by the end of 12 months. These users will become change-agents in their communities. 70% of waste which would be left uncollected to pollute the environment will be utilized hence creating clean towns. Production of biogas is sustainable and will result in changed attitude to waste dumping habits through "Sorting" from waste generation point. Biodegradable waste will create jobs for earning income through savings on buying other cooking sources such as charcoal and LPG. Market waste will find 'more use' than being left to rot causing public nuisance. And amount of waste reaching landfill will be reduced and therefore, less expenses of buying fuel to collect and dispose waste. Bioslurry the by-product of biogas which is an organic fertilizer will be used for urban farming to set up nurseries, flower gardens and micro-farms which require small space. FAO reports 80% as amount of income urban households spend on buying food. So incorporating Biogas use in homes will increase food security, self-sufficiency and good health (less smoke produced in cooking). Bioslurry improves fodder for cattle nutrition leading to 50% increase in milk (SNV), benefits banana value-chain by: controlling weevil infection, shortening growing cycle, and increasing yield with 60-80% and vegetables (cucumber, cabbage, spinach and tomatoes) grow faster and bigger. KPI: I will measure success by: *counting the number of stakeholders concerned about waste burden and thus their funding contribution annually. *count number of people who make inquiries as a result of advertising weekly * number of those who buy assembly digesters by cash and on credit (net profit) *number of referrals monthly *number of those paying and making orders monthly.
Plans for implementation and sustainability
Our business model is flexible according to "the user needs and their level of income. This includes cash and credit where one pays say 20% down payment for the assembly digester and then pays monthly installments (through Mobile money or bank). User needs assessment will help us to identify how best to involve other value-chains such as dairy, poultry or piggery. These are not only income generating but also provide source of feedstock for Biogas. 'Pay as you go' is a flexible paying system helping users to realize benefit as they produce biogas for cooking and organic fertilizer for growing vegetables, pasture and raising fly larvae as fish, pigs and chicken feeds. Assembly digesters as per user needs and amount of organic waste will be shipped from experienced manufacturers in designing and installing biogas systems. They already have user manuals highlighting how to operate and amount of different wastes needed as feedstock hence making it user-friendly. We will seek collaboration with Municipalities, Banks, Funding Agencies, National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA), Ministry of Water and Environment, JEEP, GiZ, Researchers, Environmentalists, Radios, Newspapers, Civil Based Organizations, Biogas Solutions Ltd, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF), Artists, Urban Micro farms, Landscapers, Operation Wealth Creation, Waste recyclers, Uganda Industrial Research Institute (UIRI), Embassies in Uganda, Social Workers, Assembly Digesters Manufacturers among others
Fredrick Osinya is 29 years old. A Biosystems Engineer, Researcher, Biogas Enthusiast, Social Entrepreneur, Ambitious and a Dreamer. He is based NaFIRRI Jinja. His education background Biosystems Engineering focuses on Solving problems or meeting human needs using Environmentally-friendly Solutions in Energy, Water, Food and Shelter. Therefore, he dreams of solving the unsolved problem of municipal solid waste management with user-friendly Biogas, a clean cooking energy source. Amount of waste generated keeps increasing with urbanisation. Making Biogas user-friendly will reduce waste volumes reaching landfill. There is need for sensitising people about advantages of using biogas. He acquired knowledge through the training in "Google digital skills for Africa" to communicate via social media, websites and email marketing.