poultry keeping for poverty eradication
Published on May 23, 2014 um 18:30
Summary of your idea
poultry keeping for many years in my community as been a practice considered for household, many believed it was just important for special occasions like wedding ceremonies, funeral or when the visitors appeared.It has been done partially not knowing that one can earn a living through poultry rearing without thinking of employment,. There are various ways one can do poultry on low cost of production.One has to consider the following,housing,vaccination,marketing,feed formulation,production and value addition.Poultry keeping requires one to take it as a business , calculating the cost of production , consider time and level of supply.Any person can practice this project as long as he or she interested to engage in the project. If you wish to start a poultry project there are various things to consider, one is breed selection understand the history of the bird, how many eggs the mother laid per cycle and hatched, two minimum numbers of birds one can rare is 11 birds why, one cock serves ten hens if you limit the number then your cock will have stress moving from one place to another looking for more hens to serve hence it is risky in getting infected easily, if you want to invest in this project you look at the ratio 1:10 , 2: 20 , 4:40..... accordingly. There is one thing that can show that there's less hens in your farm to satisfy your cocks when you will see cocks keep on fighting every time. Breeding Introduce one new cock for every 10 hens every two years, in order to avoid inbreeding. Improved indigenous chickens for improving the local breeds can be bought from Naivasha research station in Kenya as well as from private breeders. In the village setting care must be taken to protect brooding hens from predators, rodents and other forms of stress. If a brooder hen is well protected and comfortable she can easily hatch 15 eggs per sitting. A brooding cycle takes minimum 18 days after which the first eggs should start hatching. The mother will normally keep the chicks with her for a day or two before taking them to food and water. Any eggs not hatched after this will go cold and most likely not hatch. It is highly advisable to keep food and clean water available near the brooding hen during this whole period for her to hatch the maximum amount of chicks. Egg handling If you don't keep your eggs safe then you can not increase your production, ann egg is a living thing which has life, if you look at the shape of an egg there is one side sharp then the other almost blunt, the blunt side has breathing bores, if you hands have touch some fats or jelly then you immediately touch the egg you can block the breathing pores hence killing the growing chick. Never keep your eggs in a tin use a tray for better circulation of air. Chick management This another technical stage Brooding Before buying the young hybrid chicks, an appropriate brooding area needs to be prepared: Day old chicks need to be kept warm at all times. As they grow and the feathers start to develop they tolerate cold better. At the same time they need to access feed and clean water at all times as they feed with short intervals. Brooder Preparation Use hard boards to make a brooding ring of 60 cm height Put at least 5 cm of clean dried grass/leaves (litter) on the floor inside the brooding ring Start with a density of 50 chicks per metre square A hover/cover should be provided about the brooder, to reduce heat wastage Make space for feed and water feeding equipment inside the brooder ring Brooding of the broiler chicks is similar to that recommended for layer chicks, but the feed is different. Make sure feeds are bought as recommended. Heat Sources Charcoal Jiko - one is enough for 500 chicks Kerosene lamps - one lamp for 50 chicks Electricity - one infra red lamp for 250 chicks Temperatures Temperature above the floor should be kept at 32° C for the first week, and then lowered by 4° C for each week up to the 4th week. Observe the reaction of chicks to the heat: At correct brooding temperatures, chicks are evenly spread within the brooder ringat At low temperature they crowd around the heat source At high temperature the chicks will move away from the heat source Other Conditions Fresh air and light should be allowed in the brooder but no drift. The litter in the brooder should always be dry. Cleaned and disinfect brooder areas 1 to 2 weeks before bringing in new chicks. Beware of brooder fires. Take precautions when using charcoal Jikos
Expected impact of your idea on sustainable development
It will target the growing towns into cities this means hotels are increasing , one of the most valued meat in hotels in Kenya is poultry meat and it is the most consumed on daily basis and also the most expensive.If a farmer can commit himself/herself to practice poultry keeping effectively for profit then he /she has to use locally available material, for example if it is setting up a poultry unit you need polls and some few iron or grass to cover the the roof.A single hen can lay up to 45 eggs per year then it means a hen can hatch three times a year.A farmer who is keeping 10 hens and one cock should produce 450 birds per year on average, if a bird is K sh 500 then this farmer will have K sh 225,000, the net earning per month will be K sh 18,750, this is money that can sustain somebody life, suppose he/she doubles the stock then it will be amazing income hence poverty eradication and creation of employment.
Plans for implementation and sustainability
The business does not need registration.It does not need big funding to start , you can do self financing,does not require large space,as a farmer for many years since my teenage i practiced poultry rearing to sustain my fee at high school of which i did successfully, i personally received trainings from government agricultural institutions ,a farmer has to collaborate for success.Farmers can join together to groups which will help them exchange ideas and produce in large numbers unlike individuals.Through groups formation of poultry cooperative can emerge leading to value addition and better pricing.
I was born in kakamega county in Kenya, grew up in a village called bwichina ,went to primary school at munyanda primary ,went to lwanda high school and finally joined mt Kenya university self sponsored from poultry rearing , i am currently supplying to golf hotel kakamega as my key market for local poultry. One thing to motivate my fellow youth never despise yourself you have a potential you can make it! i never live broke! i am recognized in my county and chosen by a NGO to train groups in poultry keeping isn't that great?
Stage of Idea
idea offered for implementation by others
Your idea has a positive impact on