GAS FOR TOMORROW
Published on February 12, 2014 um 11:46
Summary of your idea
Gas For Tomorrow is an initiative that we are eager to undertake, whereby we will be providing lasting solutions to energy crisis in Rwanda. The focus of this project is to collect biodegradable waste materials so that we may feed them in a medium sized biogas digester to produce biogas. The biogas so produced will be compressed in 3.8 kg cylinders which will then be distributed to different households, restaurants, schools, small manufacturing businesses, and to other potential biogas users. People in remote areas of Rwanda suffer lack of access to reliable energy, as they spend almost $120 for charcoal only in a year while they earn approximately between $500 and $600 in year. In this earning, they may need to pay for education, foods, clothes as well as saving for foreseeable reasons. The solution that we intend to bring will be safe and environmental friendly, and the use of biogas will allow them to cut their spending on traditional heating methods as each filled cylinder with 9 to 12 months life span will be sold at $32. Our plant will be located in Kitabi sector, in the south province of Rwanda, because that area is highly vulnerable and people don't have access to energy. Again, in this area, there are many restaurants and small manufacturing businesses which generate enormous wastes, which are also added to tea wastes from the nearby tea processing company. These wastes cause diseases related to improper sanitation. All these different kind of soft materials also decompose and emit methane and other potential greenhouse gases in the atmosphere thus contributing to the global warming effects. Our project therefore, is to capture those gases and turn them into something profitable and important to the society, instead of letting them go to dirty our atmosphere.
Expected impact of your idea on sustainable development
According to Rwanda Environment Management Agency (REMA), the major part of the energy consumed in Rwanda today still comes from wood (80.4%). Yet studies carried out as far back as 1981/82 and 1989/90 already showed a gap of 3,000,000 m³ of wood for energy needs only. As a result, there is massive deforestation across the country with consequent effects on the environment. Again, imported petroleum products consume more than 40 per cent of foreign exchange. The solution we aim to bring will save trees that are fell to make charcoal, thus saving the environment. Again by collecting wastes thrown, we are enhancing sanitation and creating biogas which will allow households to use a kitcken free of smoke and ash. Our target is to process 300 tons of manure per month in a 700 cubic meter bio-reactor. The produced biogas will be compressed in cylinders to ease its distribution to several users. The project start up costs is estimated to be $40,500 and the sales we estimate to achieve are approximately $120,000. These figures are subject to a growth of 30% within the next three years of operations. The full implementation of this project will allow us to stop approximately 50,000 tons of CO2 emitted by Rwanda annually, and farmers harvest will increase for more than quadruple because of a well fermented slurry which is a biofertilizer that comes out the biogas plant.
Plans for implementation and sustainability
The full implementation of the project will require a start up capital of $40,500, which will go through the purchase and acquisition of materials to build the plant. Materials to be purchased are gas stoves, pipes, cylinders, gas valve, compressor, gas purifier and materials for constructing bio-digester. These materials will all cost around $27,000 while the remaining amount will be used to cover operational expenses and other activities needed on a daily basis. We will get this money from investors, bank loans and grants from sponsors and government, and the owner also will invest 35% in the business. We have started to approach investors and where necessary we fill application forms. From the raw materials of almost no cost, this business is highly profitable. However, to ensure we have the safe quantity of waste we need to treat, we have planned to contact officials from Kitabi tea processing company to negotiate a deal on the treatment of waste from their company. We have also planned to earmark $500 in people as monthly incentive to avail wastes from their homes and we will in turn be giving them a fresh fertilizer to boost their agricultural harvests. The activities of the project are expect to start in July as now we have finished registration, and we are still looking for capital to kick start.
Jean Bosco is a 3rd year student majoring in Banking at the University of Rwanda, College of Business and Economics. Jean Bosco is one of 2013 African Innovation Prize (AIP) Business Plan Competition Grand Prize Winners which prompted him to found and be the Managing Director of Habona Ltd, a company created for helping Rwandans living in rural areas to get access to renewable energy. His entrepreneurial endeavors have also led him to be selected as a semi finalist of the Global Social Entrepreneurship Competition (GSEC), organized by the University of Washington to compete for the final round in Seattle, Washington. As a result of his success in AIP programs, Jean Bosco has been appointed as AIPs student ambassador, and he is involved in different volunteering roles. He is serving as the treasurer with the Rwanda Anglican Students Association, the project specialist in Do Something International Campaign, and class representative at the College of Business and Economics, specializing in banking. He is skilled in accounting and now finalizing his Certified Public Accountants (CPA) courses at the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Rwanda. Jean Bosco was the top performer of the 2010 national exams of high schools in accounting, and he loves reading, playing squash and volleyball in his free time.
Stage of Idea
Your idea has a positive impact on
environment, health, sustainable energy, food security, poverty reduction, youth