Best Ideas 2019 features all the nominated entries submitted under ‘Submit your Idea’ category. All the entries consist of innovative solutions or propositions for an enterprise that champions the Sustainable Development Goals. They can be on the conceptual, planning, or start-up stage.
Smart Electronics Control and Monitoring Mobile Application for Buildings
Explain your idea in details:
PROBLEM STATEMENT The buildings and buildings construction sectors combined are responsible for 36% of global final energy consumption and nearly 40% of total direct and indirect CO2 emissions (IEA, 2019) The average building wastes 30% of the energy it consumes because of inefficiencies. Leaving the building lights on is the most common energy wasting habit that is done by a lot of people globally , nevertheless, it is also one of the easiest habits to correct. Leaving electronics plugged-in inside the building is another obvious energy-wasting habit since appliances and electronics use energy even when they are turned off. An estimated 10 % of the electricity is lost owing to the plugged in appliances even if they are off. Leaving electronic appliances on and plugged-in increases the risk of fire. Due to lack of adequate information, consumers use electricity unwisely and inefficiently. SOLUTION The aim of this project is to create a smart building mobile application to remotely control lighting and monitor electronic appliances. The application will be supported and connected to a smart electric meter. The role of the smart meter is to detect energy usage of every electronic appliance in the building, detect faults, just to name a few and then send the data to the mobile application. The smart meter will also report on plugged electronics. MAJOR OUTCOMES OF THE IDEA Determining the energy usage profile remotely; generated, used, exported and wasted. Remote detection and notification of faults in the system. Remote control for switching on and off devices. Automatic timed schedules for energy hungry appliances such as geysers. Power factor detection and correction enhancement. Reduces electricity bill shocks. Use of IoT and AI to predict customer future energy needs.
Expected impact of your idea on sustainable development
SDG 7- By curbing energy wasting habits so as to make buildings more energy efficient and also lowering utility bills hence making energy access affordable for all. SDG 9- The development of our project into reality will greatly contribute to medium-high and high tech sectors. It is an advancement of innovation. SDG 12- My project is to ensure energy conservation. The idea is to promote sustainable consumption of energy and to avoid wastage. If energy in buildings is used responsibly, it means less resources will be used to produce energy.
Plans for implementation and sustainability
OPERATION OF BUSINESS & APP/SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT The business will be operating in Rwanda due to its favourable business climate and policies that encourage "africapitalism" and tech-businesses. The first step is to develop the mobile application or software. A dedicated team comprised of a Web Dveloper, Computer Scientist, Social Media Specialist, and Electrician or Software Engineer will be employed or consulted to make the project a reality. To execute the idea successfully, my plan is to partner with manufacturers and producers of smart home electricity metres, so that they can integrate the mobile application software with the metres. The smart electric meter will act as the hardware sensor which will send data to the mobile application. SOURCES OF REVENUE The main source of revenue will come from monthly subscriptions which will be paid by our potential customers. The software or mobile application will be sold to customers so as to make profit that will sustain our day to day activities. INTENDED CUSTOMER BASE The potential market will be determined by number of people who have access or own smart mobile phones that will enable them to access and use the mobile app product and services. With an estimated population of 12 million people, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA), Rwandas national electrification rate is estimated at 30% (12% in rural areas, 72% in urban areas). This means in terms of access to electricity; our potential market is 3 million people. In addition to the above, recent figures from Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA) indicate that the rate of Mobile Telephone penetration in Rwanda climbed to 76.6% in March 2018. The internet penetration rate is 47.8%. The current estimated number of internet subscribers is 5,642,574, an increase from 5,252,996 in the 4th quarter of 2017.
I am an energetic young man aged 28, who is passionate of sustainable and international development. I am currently enrolled in a Master's programme at the Pan African University Institute for Water and Energy Sciences (Sep 2018-Oct 2020) which is located Tlemcen, Algeria. I am specialising in Energy Policy including Climate Change. Also, I hold a first-class bachelors degree in Politics and Public Management (Feb 2013-Nov 2016) from the Midlands State University, Gweru, Zimbabwe. In addition, I am is also studying towards an online certificate in International Human Rights law and International Humanitarian Law with the KU Leuven University. I also authored five research and opinion papers in which three of them were published online through the Social Science Research Network. I am currently a member of the PAUWES Climate Change and Gender Club as well as the PAUWES Entrepreneurship and Innovation Club. I have chosen to become an entrepreneur because the world of today is not only about earning a degree and getting a job, but it is also about creating jobs and opportunities for others. Considering the rising youth unemployment rates in Africa, entrepreneurship is the panacea to create new innovations, jobs and a prosperous African society.