Best Ideas 2020 features all the nominated entries submitted under ‘Submit your Idea’ category. All the entries consist of innovative solutions or propositions for an enterprise that champions the Sustainable Development Goals. They can be on the conceptual, planning, or start-up stage.
Coffee Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Practices
Explain your idea in details:
Climate change is putting coffee production and the livelihoods of 25 million coffee farmers and their families globally at risk. Meanwhile, Indonesia with 2.33 million coffee smallholders is predicted to stop exporting coffee in 2035 since local production can only meet domestic consumption. To improve smallholder coffee farmers capacity to adapt and mitigate climate change, this project provides integrated solutions implemented at both on-farm and off-farm with socioeconomic and technical/environmental interventions. The implementation employs integrated methods, namely: (1) Soft skills education, (2) Institutional strengthening, (3) Environmental and technical education (hard skills) on Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA), and Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), and (5) Livelihoods improvement. Covering topics like social entrepreneurship, financial literacy, and business development, soft skills education is a socioeconomic intervention through training and field assistance. Institutional strengthening facilitates farmers business entity establishment. Meanwhile, the hard skills on CSA are served through training, field demo, field assistance, and coffee calendar/poster distribution covering topics like climate-tolerant seedlings, shade trees, agroforestry system, biogas/bio-slurry, rorak, solar dryer dome. Meanwhile, livelihood improvement intervention facilitates the marketing of the farmers coffee products to shorten supply-chain and to obtain a better margin. The project puts youth farmers in the center of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). There is a growing concern worldwide that young people have become disenchanted with agriculture where young farmers in Indonesia aged 20 - 39 years are only 8% or 2.7 million people. On the other hand, coffee is a popular and hot-topics commodity rising curiosity of youth around the globe. The project promotes youth interest in farming by raising their awareness that applying Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) enables them to contribute to global sustainable coffee production and consumption.
Expected impact of your idea on sustainable development
This project is contributing particularly to the following SDGs: (1)No Poverty: Targeting smallholder coffee farmers who mostly still live in poverty, this project will improve their income at least 25% as it shortens the supply chain, gives value addition to coffee products, and increases farms productivity. Furthermore, job creation and better financial literacy skills will also contribute to poverty alleviation (2) End Hunger: In addition to producing coffee through sustainable agriculture principles, this integrated farming model also promotes the production of livestock like goat, cow, and pig to improve their food nutrition and food security (5) Gender Equality: Implementing gender-sensitive development impacts, this project promotes women participation in coffee agribusiness and improves their decision-making capacity (7) Affordable and Clean Energy : This work promotes the utilization of domestic biogas for cooking and lighting together with solar dryer dome to dry coffee beans. (12)Responsible Production and Consumption: The business model recycles biogas byproducts as organic fertilizers to produce chemical-free food. Meanwhile, the livestock feed comes also from coffee shade trees. (13) Climate Action: Targeting to assist 20,000 families of coffee farmers with 1 hectare each on average, the project will improve their knowledge, skills, and technology uptake on climate change adaptation and mitigation as well as increase resilience or reduce vulnerability against climate change impacts. Considering the C sequestration potential of agroforestry systems is estimated between 12 and 228 Mg ha1 with a median value of 95 Mg ha1, the total project contribution will be around 1,900,000 Mg. Meanwhile, for each m3 biogas digester constructed, the GHG Mitigation for Carbon Dioxide and Methane is 3 3.2 tones (15)Life on Land: Employing sustainable forest management, this project protects, restores, and promotes the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems including their biodiversity.
Plans for implementation and sustainability
To fund our work, the social enterprise carries out a combination of selling products and services, raising investment capital, and grants for revenue streams. Our main products to sell are green beans, roasted, and ground coffee. Shortening the supply chain by aggregating farmers harvest and selling to a broader market will grant us a better margin due to an efficient supply chain. Developing coffee nursery, it also sells Arabica and Robusta coffee seedlings including climate tolerant seedlings to facilitated farmers, provision of governments, a private company, and individual farmers. Furthermore, the revenue stream comes also from biogas appliances business like biogas stove, lamp, manometer, water drain, main gas pipe, mixer, and gas tap. N the long run, carbon trading could be a revenue stream considering its strong climate change adaptation and mitigation value. Raising investment capital is crucial to do since coffee is capital intensive business while serving smallholder farmers take high operational costs. The biggest amount needed will be allocated to buy farmers harvest while the rest is for business expansion including for infrastructure. Therefore, investments from impact investors and/or loans from financial institutions for working capital are required. Meanwhile, the grant is still needed to cover community development aspects of the solution like farmer training, farmer organization strengthening, and demo or pilot for new technologies and practices. In short, our business model is aggregating smallholder farmers harvest (1), adding values to be grade A green beans, roasted coffee, and ground coffee (2), selling the products to regional, national, and international markets (3), sharing profits to financial institutions or investors, Ritma Green, and assisted farmers. To implement our work, we collaborate with multiple parties like private companies, NGOs, and development agencies (find more about our partners at www.ritma-green.com).
Aqdar Maskur, 44 years old, has a strong background and interest in agriculture, environment, social entrepreneurship, and SME development. Working at the grass-root level, he has worked as a field assistant for agriculture-based company, a consultant for his own agriculture-based Business Development Service (BDS), trainer on agriculture and SME development, and NGO worker on environmental issues. Holding a bachelor's degree in forestry, he is currently pursuing his MBA at Business School Netherland (www.bsn.nl) with an action learning model concentrating on food security under OKP fellowship. The founder had also received some short courses fellowships abroad covering topics like climate change, agri-entrepreneurship, and community development. His leadership ability on climate change adaptation and mitigation works initially demonstrated when selected as British Council Indonesias climate champion 2010 where he should take part in series of training entitled national project management and leadership for climate change. As a champion, he received a seed grant to initiate a project called bankable integrated farming where biogas construction facilitation is a vital component. His collaborative leadership style enables him to attract resources and supports to facilitate the construction of almost 300 biogas digesters. Furthermore, to implement his vision on sustainable coffee practices, he managed to get seed grant from Eco-Peace Leadership Center (EPLC) Korea to initiate a project in one village benefiting 127 coffee farmers. Very convinced with the prospect of the works with social enterprise model, he keeps on expanding his networks with local NGOS, private companies, and farmer organizations where so far he has a database for potential partners around 7,000 smallholder coffee farmers for project replication and scale-up in three years. He even has anticipated replicating the business model to cocoa - a commodity facing similar impacts of climate change.