Best Ideas 2020 features all the nominated entries submitted under ‘Submit your Idea’ category. All the entries consist of innovative solutions or propositions for an enterprise that champions the Sustainable Development Goals. They can be on the conceptual, planning, or start-up stage.
Explain your idea in details:
The main objective of my proposed idea is to provide an effective, fast, and user-friendly diagnostic test for bradykinesia, a disorder that affects approximately 98% of Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients and involves slowness of movement, thus making everyday tasks difficult, such as brushing ones teeth. Diagnosing bradykinesia could lead to potentially earlier diagnosis of PD, thus leading to better health outcomes (i.e. slowed progression of the loss of movement, using dopamine treatment). The diagnostic test is unique in its approach because it combines a ball (containing sensors) with a mobile application. The ball would measure the movements of a persons hand, and then record this data on a mobile application. The mobile application would utilize an algorithm to develop a scale to determine the likelihood of a patient having bradykinesia. Following this, the patient would receive a possible diagnosis for bradykinesia, and guidance to possibly seek out the care of a physician. In addition, the diagnostic test would ideally take only a couple minutes to complete each day, thus being convenient to use. Possible patients of bradykinesia would be able to use the test in an out-patient setting - whether at home, school, etc. instead of only in a hospital setting. The diagnostic test is designed to be non-invasive, quick, inexpensive, and usable in an out-patient setting - four defining characteristics that would allow for earlier diagnoses and improved treatment outcomes.
Expected impact of your idea on sustainable development
My diagnostic test supports sustainable development, particularly the Sustainable Development Goal #3 for Good Health and Well-Being, because it would promote better health among one of the most vulnerable groups of the population: the elderly. Diagnosing bradykinesia early would lead to improved quality of life for patients, thus increasing their ability to take care of themselves, their families, and be productive. The target goals are: provide a convenient, noninvasive method for recording and analyzing hand movements, have a user-friendly mobile application and ball, be accessible to use in outpatient settings, and diagnose bradykinesia with at least 95% accuracy. The success of the proposed test would be measured through two phases - Testing, and Clinical Trials. In Testing, hand movements would be simulated with the ball, in order to determine the accuracy of the sensors in detecting hand movements. It would also determine the accuracy of the diagnosis. In addition, the ideal length of time required to produce an accurate diagnosis would be determined (i.e. one week, provided the patient uses the diagnostic test everyday for x minutes). In Clinical Trials, there would be three phases. In Phase 1, the diagnostic test would be tested on participants with bradykinesia, in order to determine the accuracy of the ball, the mobile application, and the length of time required to produce an accurate diagnosis of bradykinesia. In Phase 2, (after revisions have been made to the diagnostic test using results from Phase 1) the test would be measured through how user-friendly it is, such as through using questionnaires to determine the user-friendliness of the ball and mobile application. In Phase 3, the final diagnostic test (after having been revised from the results of Phase 2) would be administered, and its accuracy would be tested to ensure it is at least 95% accurate.
Plans for implementation and sustainability
The proposed business model for SmartDia is to provide a quick, convenient, accessible, and accurate method of diagnosing bradykinesia with a target population of the elderly. The sources of funding for this test could potentially include: angel investors, business accelerators, and crowdfunding, among others. Collaborators would include: electronics parts suppliers, 3D printing suppliers, and software startups. The key elements of the product that contribute to my unique business model are: reliability, swiftness, convenience, and accessibility - which are difficult to acquire in the current diagnostic methods for bradykinesia. The test would be developed at the small scale first, through using materials available for individual buyers. Then, collaborations with the previously mentioned suppliers would allow for industrial manufacturing of the test. After successful testing of the diagnostic test, the test would be marketed through several different methods, such as social media platforms, regular blogs, and conferences. Eventually, a company would be developed in order to market the product to a wider audience.
I am in the Youth category, and an aspiring doctor and researcher who seeks to deliver cutting-edge healthcare solutions, especially for diagnosing neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's Disease. This would allow me to help vulnerable portions of the population, such as the elderly. My skills in research and writing have contributed to previous awards and presentations (such as a research presentation that was given at a national meeting in the US). I look forward to providing healthcare solutions accessible everywhere!