June 14, 2019 15:49

Like all, African political leaders since 1960, whether early nationalists, autocratic military or leaders of the decade of structural adjustment, have, with few exceptions, failed in their mission to make Africa the least developed continent on the planet. Thus, from 1960 to the present day, the state has never been appropriated by Africans.

June 14, 2019 15:49

Only four countries are cited as examples for meeting democratic requirements: Benin, Botswana, Cape Verde and Ghana. Some of these countries invented the national conference, which has served as a trigger for the democratic process in many countries such as Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon, Madagascar, Niger, Democratic Republic of Congo...

June 14, 2019 15:48

The advent of democracy in Africa has not brought about a radical transformation of the political class. The mix of leaders of this democratic period, between civilians and the military, has not allowed democracy to be truly a success and, above all, a factor of progress.

June 14, 2019 15:47

Despite the difficulties that these first leaders encountered in the management of their respective countries, they have nevertheless left an important legacy that continues to serve as a reference to this day: pan-Africanism, which has become a major requirement to better face the risks of the balkanization of Africa.

June 14, 2019 15:46

The issue of leadership in Africa involves three categories of actors: politicians, business leaders and intellectual elites. The role of each of these actors remains decisive in the management of the State and society since 1960, the beginning of independence.

June 14, 2019 15:45

To address these issues, this article focuses on a historical approach to African leadership (2), the question of elites in the face of the demands of the contemporary world (3) and the action of new leaders as an alternative to the deficit of the state, human rights and social capital in Africa (4).

June 14, 2019 15:42

respect for institutions is still far from being a given because of several contradictory influences on African politicians. Among these, we can mention the persistence of the hegemony of the major powers and the economic challenges represented by Africa because of its main natural resources: oil, gold, diamonds, uranium, coltan, wood, etc. In addition, there are socio-cultural constraints.

June 14, 2019 15:42

These two situations impose on Black Africa the need to bring out a new generation of leaders capable of rebuilding the post-colonial state in crisis, capable of better defending the interests of the populations, based on scrupulous respect for the various state institutions.

June 14, 2019 15:41

he future of the postcolonial state, due to the recurrent socio-political crises affecting it and the difficulties of the populations in appropriating it;

the need to invent a new mode of governance without which the democratic process initiated since 1990 may be compromised. We can already see this through the repeated rigging of elections and the gradual return of the military to power.

June 14, 2019 15:41

However, the problem of leadership is still unclear in African mentalities because of the consequences of colonialism and the resulting mimicry. This question is now linked to two situations that are stirring in contemporary African societies: